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Substitute for tooth substance damaged by caries


Depressions, furrows on the chewing surfaces of the premolars and molars


A salt of hydrofluoric acid; Fluoride is a trace element and mainly present in bones and teeth. It is essential for living and should fed to the organism in adequate quantities (approx. 2-3 mg a day for adults). Fluorides in caries prophylaxis have got several effects. They accelerate the remineralisation of decalcified enamel as they build coatings of calcium fluoride on the enamel. Depositing fluorides into it the enamel gets hard and acid resistant. This prevents demineralisation. Additionally, fluorides arrest the production of acid by caries-causing bacteria as they influence the metabolism of these micro-organisms. The caries-prophylactic effects of fluorides get profound mainly through direct contact with the tooth by local application.


Chemical element (symbol: F) associated with chlorine, bromine, and iodine in the halogen group;
In caries prophylaxis fluorides are used (e. g. fluoride containing toothpaste, mouth rinse, gel or gelée, lacquer etc.).

Function analysis

Clinical and instrumental function analysis
Your dentist analyses the interaction between temporomandibular joint and mastication muscles. In order to plan and to manufacture dental appliances he needs precise diagnostic information about the position of your jaws in the skull.

The results of clinical and instrumental function analysis are optimum preconditions to achieve the desired success of treatment as well as to save jaw joints from long-term damages.

In case of acute symptoms of temporomandibular disorders function analysis provides detailed data about the cause of complaints on the base of which the required therapy can be started.

How a function analysis is carried out?

Function analysis can be divided into a clinical and an instrumental part.
The clinical part is carried out by your dentist in the dental chair. Among other things the opening of your mouth and the limits of your lower jaw's range of motion are assessed. In addition a diagnostic evaluation of the jaw joint is performed. The recorded data can now easily be transferred to an articulator, which simulates your individual conditions.

The instrumental part of function analysis is carried out after clinical evaluation on the articulator. Outside the mouth causes and interferences are easier to discover. This way crowns, bridges, prostheses and stabilisation splints can be planned and manufactured more suitable to the patients' needs.